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Historic Background
A small character area occupying the upper reaches if the Milford Haven waterway, comprising the settlement of Llangwm. It lies within the parish of Llangwm that is probably coterminous with the medieval mesne lordship of Llangwm. This was a holding of the de Vales until a Roche kinsman, Gilbert de la Roche, acquired it in the late 13th century. Its relationship with the Lordship of Haverford, within which it lay, was always a matter of dispute. The manor later descended, through inheritance, to the Longuevilles, the Ferrers and the 16th century Earl of Essex. There is no evidence for the location of the manorial centre, but in c.1600 Llangwm was one of George Owen’s ‘woods of divers gentlemen sufficient to serve their houses of fuel and some for buildings’, most of which probably lay outside this area. The medieval vill appears, like the present settlement, to have clustered around the parish church, which was not listed in 1291 and may have been a new foundation of the early 14th century. By the mid 19th century, on the tithe map, Llangwm village consisted of a small nucleation centred on the parish church. Long narrow fields, an enclosed former open field system, surrounded the village. A secondary, small cluster of dwellings lay at Black Tar. During the second half of the 19th century and the early 20th century the village expanded considerably, particular around Llangwm Pill, in order to serve the growing coal mining industry of the area. Later 20th century and 21st century housing development has led to further expansion of the village.

Base map reproduced from the OS map with the permission of Ordnance Survey on behalf of The Controller of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, Crown Copyright 2001.
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Description and essential historic landscape components
Llangwm historic landscape character area essentially comprises the village of Llangwm and Black Tar, the foreshore and those neighbouring fields that retain strip field characteristics – the remains of Llangwm’s former open fields. The historic core of the village is centred on the Grade B listed medieval parish church of St Jerome and the village green or square. Clustered around the green are 19th century cottages and houses, with most examples in the vernacular tradition of the area – stone built and cement rendered, slate roofed and mainly of three bays. A 19th century chapel stands on one side of the green, and stone-built farm buildings both here and elsewhere lend an agricultural aspect to the settlement. Houses fronting streets on the approaches to the green and close to Llangwm Pill are in a variety of styles, including terraces of late 19th century stone-built houses and small, detached 19th century and early 20th century houses. A second chapel is situated away from the historic core of the village. Modern housing, including small housing estates, lies on the fringes of the village to the north, south and east. The use of brick in a small terrace of late 19th century houses at Edward’s Pill is unusual for this part of Pembrokeshire. There are several landing places and access points onto the muddy and rocky foreshore, but little in the way of formal quays or jetties. There is virtually nothing on the foreshore that indicates Llangwm was an important port for the export of coal. Facilities for tourism and leisure activities, particularly water-sports, are a component of the area, with a caravan park, car parks and public toilets available. Banks topped with hedges surround several small fields close to the village within this area. Hedges are generally in good condition, although some are becoming overgrown. Land-use is mostly improved pasture. Archaeology is not a strong component of the historic landscape, but includes the site of a mill and the site of a medieval settlement.

Llangwm is a fairly well defined historic landscape character area. Its developed nature is in contrast to the neighbouring farms and fields. However, the exact boundary between the fields of this area and those of its neighbours is not easy to define. Here there is a zone of change rather than a hard-edged border.

Sources: Llangwm Parish tithe map 1841; Ludlow 1998; Owen 1897; Rees 1975